How to choose an electric bike for cross-country trips? What if you plan to ride your electric bicycle in a city, and occasionally would not mind hitting some unpaved roads? What to pay attention to when selecting a cross-country electric bike? Would a city e-bike model work for cross-country rides? If you commute to work on an e-bike, could you also take it cross-country? Those are some of the questions you may be asking yourself if you are thinking about a cross-country e-bike.
How to choose an electric bike for cross country? Pay attention to longer riding range and thus, more battery capacity and motor power. You will also need more speed options, wider tires, and larger wheels, which will help to attack various terrain. A comfortable seat and a one-piece frame are a necessity.
Let’s take a closer look at what one needs to consider when selecting an electric bike for cross-country trips. There are e-bike models, specifically designed for cross-country rides.
Let’s dive right in.
Choosing an electric bike for crossroads
Buying an e-bike for going cross-roads – both city and off pavement routes – would demand a somewhat different decision process as compared to choosing an e-bike for city trips or for regular commutes.
You will be riding longer. Going on a cross-country trip, you are likely to be spending more time on your e-bike than either on a brisk city ride or on a daily commute.
There will be not as many stops and not as many sharp turns. If you are not in the mountains, you are likely to be mostly taking long straight roads during your rides. You will not encounter that many frequent stops on road lights or sharp turns on street corners to avoid pedestrians.
Some roads will be paved, others will be not. It is likely that on a cross-country ride your e-bike’s wheels will not always be touching smooth asphalt. Going off a beaten path is certainly part of the fun of going cross-country!
Keeping the above in mind, let’s see what should we look for in an e-bike for cross-country rides.
Longer battery life
As it is likely that you will be making a half day or even a day-long trip on a cross-country e-bike, sufficient battery life is necessary. You will probably not have an option to recharge your battery on the trip, so one full charge should be able to take you around. Making a “my battery has died” call to a friend is the last resort and can spoil your trip.
On a standard cross-country trip, your battery should be able to take you 60 to 100 km (35 to 60 miles) without a recharge. If you are going on a longer trip, you can also consider taking an additional fully charged battery with you or planning a place to recharge.
Given that you can always pedal an electric bike home, without using electric power, means that you should be able to get home, even when the battery went flat. As electric bikes are usually heavier, pedaling without electric assistance will not be as easy as riding on electric power. It helps to have a wider range of gears if you plan to occasionally ride your bike as a conventional bike, without electric assistance.
Battery range is defined by landscape and gear used
Most e-bike speed and distance monitors (usually mounted on the handlebar) show, how much battery power is left. Often this indication is shown as bars, just like one would see on a smartphone screen. Unfortunately, such indications may be misleading as they do not precisely show how much battery power is left. Are we at the beginning of the fourth bar or at the end of it? Hard to tell. So treat this indication as an estimate only.
Many e-bike speed monitors also show the estimated remaining riding range. Estimated remaining riding range is a more accurate measure. Just like in a car, you see, how many kilometers (or miles) you will be able to ride till you need to put more electric power (more fuel) in.
Estimated remaining riding range depends on electric power assistance level you are using. For example, on a fully charged battery, electric power assistance level 1 (usually ECO speed) would give you 100 km (62 miles) estimated range. When you switch to power assistance level four (usually TURBO speed), this estimated riding range drops to as few as 35 km (22 miles).
As you go through several long trips on your e-bike, you will be able to better judge the distance your battery can take you. To save battery, it makes sense to completely turn off electric assistance, when going downhill, and to use lower levels of assistance when riding on flat or nearly flat roads. This will make you pedal a bit more, but this will save battery power and will make yourself a bit healthier as well.
On cross-road trips, the landscape will most certainly vary – from flat valleys to steep hills. To cope with this variability you need to be looking for a motor that is relatively more powerful than for city trips or commutes. A 24V / 10 amps / 250W e-bike could do the job in a city, but will not help you much in the hills, especially if you are above 70-80 kilos (155 – 175 lbs).
As general guidance, consider starting with 36V / 15 amps / 500W e-bike as your preferred option for cross-road trips.
Large wheels and wider tires
For comfortable rides on cross-country trails, you will need larger wheels and thicker tires. Larger wheels will give you more distance for each pedal move, while thicker tires will help with additional stability on the ride.
Depending on your own height, I recommend having 26-29” tire size for a cross-country e-bike. At this tire size, you will sit high above the road to enjoy the scenery and you will get the maximum distance for your pedaling efforts. Try taking a 24” foldable city bike for a long cross-country ride and you will very quickly realize its limitations.
Thicker tires are also a must-have for cross-country. Thicker tires add stability to the ride and help not so much sense obstacles on the road, such as road bumps or stones. For improved stability, it is a good idea to use tires with cross-country tire tread.
More speed options to attack various terrain
Most e-bike models will have three or four electric assistance modes, ranging from OFF (or no assistance) to TURBO (maximum assistance) mode. This range is generally enough to support you on your cross-country trips.
What may make a difference, is the number of mechanical speeds that complement electric assistance. Similar to a conventional, say a 21-speed bicycle, an electric bike should also have a number of mechanical speeds for each of its electric modes.
A 21-speed model means that there are three electric speed modes on the left handle of the handlebar. There are seven mechanical speed modes on the right handle of the handlebar. This gives 21 speed combinations in total.
An electric bike, for each of its electric assistance modes, should also have seven or eight mechanical speeds. Once you master these combinations, this skill will help you have a smoother and more pleasant ride and will help save battery power.
One piece non-foldable frame
I recommend a one-piece non-foldable frame e-bike for cross-country trips. Foldable electric bikes offer necessary flexibility on commutes and while maneuvering in city traffic. But, foldable e-bikes come in smaller sizes and this will not be optimal for out of the city rides.
Consider a sporty sitting position
While I did not recommend a sporty sitting position for city electric bikes and event for commuter electric bikes, it makes better sense to consider a sporty sitting position for your cross-country endeavors.
A sporty sitting position is a matter of personal preference and may take some time to get used to. In my opinion, it limits viewing level and, if you are not used to it, may result in certain back pain after the first few rides.
On the other side, on longer and more complex cross-terrain rides, it will give you more control of the bike on the road.
A comfortable seat is essential
On a long cross-country ride, having a comfortable seat can make or break it. You do not want to be standing on your bike while you pedal or take frequent stops, just because the seat is not comfortable and “you cannot sit any longer”.
Spend some time trying different seat forms. Seats are usually easily replaceable. One compromise would be to buy a seat cushion cover. It will help make the e-bike’s original seat softer and, thus, more comfortable for longer rides.
Packing rack or backpack?
You are most likely to take water, snacks, emergency repair kit and a few other necessary things with you on a cross-country trip.
Having a rear rack installed will solve the problem of carrying additional luggage on your e-bike. Rear racks usually have standard connectors and depend on bike size. Make sure the model you are considering either already has a rear rack installed or has it as an option.
Carrying a backpack is also always an option. On a cross-country e-biking trip, you do not have to worry too much about potential sweat spots on your back, as you would do, for example, if you were commuting to work. So, if you like carrying a backpack (as I do), it will be your friend and companion on a trip.
Will my city e-bike be good for cross-country trips?
Generally speaking – no. City electric bicycles are usually designed for flat city streets. They tend to have fewer speed options, thinner wheels, flat tire treads, and less powerful motors.
City electric bikes are good for brief city rides on smooth roads. Few minutes to go to a supermarket or take kids to school.
Although you can certainly take a city electric bike on a cross-country tour, you will quickly see limitations of city models for demands of cross country and cross terrain.
Can I use my commute e-bike for cross-country trips?
Generally – yes. You could possibly use a commute electric bike for going cross-country. If your commuter model is not a foldable one and it is not of a small size (wheels are 26″ and above). It has a powerful motor, sufficient battery life, and enough speed combinations. You could try it on a cross-country trail.
Will my mountain e-bike be good for cross-country trips?
Generally also – yes. Mountain electric bikes are often the most well designed and well thought through pieces of engineering. Riding in the mountains is certainly the most demanding. Mountain electric bikes have more sophisticated and longer lasting batteries, more powerful motors, wheels, and tires, geared to rough terrain.
All mountain electric bikes have sporty leaning forward riding position though. If you are not comfortable with a sporty riding position, you will either have to get used to it or consider a different model for your trips.
Also, seats on mountain electric bikes are designed for performance, not necessarily for comfort. Mountain bikers often stand on their bikes, as they cross various obstacles or go fast downhill. If you consider using a mountain bike for long cross-country trips, see if the seat suits you well.
Making cross-country trips on a well-chosen electric bicycle should be a lot of fun. After all, why not? You are using the power of an electric motor to move you forward. You are getting healthier with every pedal stroke and you are seeing beautiful scenery all around.
Choose an e-bike with a more powerful motor and battery that will be sufficient for around 100km (62 miles). Learn to actively use gears to conserve battery power for longer. Do not forget larger wheels, thicker tires, and a comfortable seat. And you will be closer to your goal!
Remember that there is always an option to try! Ask your local e-bike dealer or rental agent to rent out a cross-country model that is close to what you consider buying. Spend a few hours testing it on the road, paying attention to the tips that we have discussed above.
This will certainly be time well spent. You will make a much better-educated decision when finally making a purchase.